2023 ６月 木曜日 8
カトリック : 最後の晩餐を記念。教皇ウルバヌス IV は、1264 年のこの祭典を命じた。
2023 ６月 金曜日 23
2023 ６月 金曜日 30
2023 ８月 火曜日 1
世俗的な休日 : Instaured at the end of the XIX century. The date refers to an agreement made at the beginning of August 1291 between Uri, Schwyz and Nidwalden. Traditional observance includes bonfires on the the mountains and celebrations in the communities, occasions for patriotic speeches. Modern observance, fostered by the Tourist offices, include fireworks.
2023 ８月 火曜日 15
カトリック : The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin is the dogma so far defined by the Church. The definition was made by Pope Pius XII on 1st November 1950. The Pope proclaimed: We pronounce, declare and define it to be a divinely revealed dogma that the Immaculate Mother of God, the ever Virgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory. The Pope proclaimed: ¥"We pronounce, declare and define it to be a divinely revealed dogma that the Immaculate Mother of God, the ever Virgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory.
2023 ８月 月曜日 21
2023 １０月 金曜日 13
2023 １０月 月曜日 30
2023 １１月 水曜日 1
カトリックやプロテスタント : The first All Saints' Day occurred on May 13, 609 (C.E.) when Pope Boniface IV accepted the Pantheon as a gift from the Emperor Phocas. Boniface dedicated it as the Church of Santa Maria Rotonda in honor of the Blessed Virgin and all martyrs. During Pope Gregory III's reign (731-741), the festival was expanded to include all saints and a chapel in St. Peter's church was dedicated accordingly. Pope Gregory IV officially designated the day in 837.
2023 １１月 日曜日 12
文化 : Friendly celebration that celebrates the end of work in the fields. Feast of charcuterie.
2023 １２月 金曜日 22
2023 １２月 月曜日 25
カトリックやプロテスタント : Since pre-historic times in Europe, festivities (bonfires, offrerings) were marking the beginning of longer hours of daylight with fires and ritual. The Roman festival of Saturnalia lasted several days in December (gambling and offerings). Germanic tribes also celebrated mid-winter (drinking and rituals). The Bulgarian (with Koleduvane) and the Polish (with Gwiazdka) perpetuate this tradition. Jesus of Nazareth was probably born in springtime. But in the 4th century, December 25th was chosen for the celebration of his birth by Pope Julius I. Thus, a Christian element was introducedin the long-established mid-winter festivals.